District Overview Inventory List District Map

Enfield Historic District

LHD boundaries as described are approximate and subject to change. Consult the LHD Study Report on file with the relevant local district commission or municipal authority to verify district boundaries and whether a specific property, particularly one in proximity of a boundary line, is within the district. Also note that LHD boundaries may differ from those of State or National Register Districts.

Year of Establishment:
Notes on Establishment:
The Historic District Commission was established by ordinance adopted by the Enfield Town Council on July 17, 1972 and revised on June 6, 1983 (Section 4B-3 through 4B-14 of the Town Code).
District Authority:
Historic District Commission
Link to Commission or Municipal Website:
District Character:
Town Center

Buildings, Open spaces, Others - Monument

Architectural Style:

Five-bay Georgian (23), 19th century farmhouse vernacular (13), Greek Revival (17), Italianate (6), Second Empire (1), Queen Anne (4), Early 20th century vernacular (11), Spanish Colonial Revival (1), Cape Cod Cottage (13), 20th century suburban (11), Ranch (8). [NR]

!8th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century

An 18th century town hall and a 19th century church form the center of interest of the Enfield Historic District. They are located across from one another north of the old parade ground on Enfield Street, which runs north and south on a ridge east of the Connecticut River, in the north central Connecticut town of Enfield. The street has always been a prime residential area and now is lined with good examples of domestic architecture in various styles from the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries. With the exception of four service establishments, all occupying buildings of the same scale and mass as neighboring houses, there is no commerce or industry in the district. The center of interest of the district, south of the geographic center, is the intersection where South Road approaches from the east and dead ends into Enfield Street. The church is on the northeast corner of this intersection with an imposing monument in front of it. The town hall is across Enfield Street from the church, and the district's grandest house is across South Road. [NR]

Enfield Street has been a main thoroughfare in the town of Enfield since the 1680s. An 18th century meeting house turned town hall and a 19th century church are located here. Many fine residences spanning a period of 300 years have been built along the street, displaying a variety of architectural styles, and summarizing in their history the town's development. In terms of the established criteria for evaluation for the National Register, the district has "the quality of significance in American history (and) architecture" because it possesses "integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association. " Moreover, the district is "associated with the lives of persons significant in (the local) past, " and "represent(s) a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction."The "distinguishable entity" that is the district has greater significance than its buildings considered individually. While several of the buildings do have outstanding merit, it is their collective presence that gives significance to the district. The church, town hall, and Thompson mansion are outstanding architecture and are important in the history of Enfield. But it is the range of more than 100 houses up and down the street that demonstrates the development of domestic building and living arrangements in New England over a period of three centuries. A Greek Revival house with an added two-car garage is typical of Enfield. [NR]

[1] District information retrieved from the town website http://www.enfield-ct.gov/.
[2] The Historic District ordinance accessed in the website - http://library.municode.com/index.aspx?clientID=10696&stateID=7&statename=Connecticut.
[3] Assessors information and GIS info retrieved from http://gis.cdm.com/enfieldct/.
[NR] Ransom F. David, Enfield Historic District, National Register Nomination Number- 79002664 NRIS, National Park Service, 1979 - http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Text/79002664.pdf; http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NRHP/Photos/79002664.pdf.

Unlike the National Register historic district, the local historic district does not include the highway right of way, but consists of two strips of land on either side of it.

Date of Compilation:
Manjusha Patnaik, CT Trust for Historic Preservation